A. You’re exactly right B. That’s what I think C. There’s no doubt about it D. I don’t think so
Question 7: These photos brought back many sweet memories of our trip to Hanoi last year.
Question 8: At first, John said he hadn’t broken the vase, but later he accepted it.
Question 9: Children brought up in a caring environment tend to grow more sympathetic towards others.
Question 10: It’s quite disappointing that some people still turn a blind eye to acts of injustice they witness in the street.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 25 to 29.
Becoming an independent language learner
(Adapted from “Complete IELTS” by Rawdon Wyatt)
Tribal tourism is a relatively new type of tourism. It involves travellers going to remote destinations, staying with local people and learning about their culture and way of life. They stay in local accommodation, share facilities with local people, and join in with meals and celebrations. At the moment, less than one percent of holidays are tribal tourism holidays, but this is set to change.
Tribal tourism is often compared with foreign exchange visits. However a foreign exchange involves staying with people who often share the same values. Tribal tourism takes visitors to places where the lifestyle is very different from that in their home location. Those who have been to a tribal holiday explain that experiencing this lifestyle is the main attraction. They say that it offers them the chance to live in a way they never have before.
Not everyone is convinced that tribal tourism is a good thing, and opinions are divided. The argument is about whether or not it helps the local population, or whether it exploits them. The main problem is that, because tribal tourism is relatively new, the long-term influences on local populations have not been studied in much detail. Where studies have been carried out, the effects have been found to be negative.
So is it possible to experience an exotic culture without harming it in some way? “With a bit of thought, we can maximise the positive influences and minimise the negative,” says travel company director Hilary Waterhouse. “The most important thing for a tribal tourist is to show respect for, learn about, and be aware of, local customs and traditions. Always remember you’re a guest.”
(Adapted from “Complete ỊELTS” by Rawdon Wyatt)
Question 30: Which best serves as the title for the passage?
Question 32: According to paragraph 2, what is the main attraction of tribal tourism?
E-waste is being produced on a scale never seen before. Computers and other electronic equipment become obsolete in just a few years, leaving customers with little choice but to buy newer ones to keep up. Millions of tons of computers, TVs, smartphones, and other equipment are discarded each year. In most countries, all this waste ends up in landfills, where it poisons the environment – e-waste contains many toxic substances such as lead, mercury, and arsenic that leak into the ground.
Recycling is the ideal solution to the problem. E-waste contains significant amounts of valuable metals like gold and silver that make it attractive to recycle. In theory, recycling gold from old computers is more efficient – and less environmentally destructive – than digging it from the earth. The problem is that a large percentage of e-waste dropped off for recycling in wealthy countries is sold and diverted to the developing world, posing an increasing threat to the health of the people there.
To address the problem of the international trade in e-waste, 170 nations signed the 1989 Basel Convention, an agreement requiring that developed nations notify developing nations of hazardous waste shipments coming into their countries. Then, in 1995 the Basel Convention was modified to ban hazardous waste shipments to poor countries completely. Although the ban hasn’t taken effect, the European Union, where recycling infrastructure is well developed, has already written it into their laws. One law holds manufacturers responsible for the safe disposal of electronics they produce.
Companies like Creative Recycling Systems in Florida, the USA, are hoping to profit from clean e-waste recycling. The key to their business is a huge, building-size machine able to separate electronic products into their component materials. As the machine’s steel teeth break up e-waste, all the toxic dust is removed from the process. This machine can handle some 70,000 tons of electronics a year. Although this is only a fraction of the total, it wouldn’t take many more machines like this to process the entire USA’s output of high-tech trash.
Unfortunately, under current policies, domestic processing of e-waste is not compulsory, and while shipping waste abroad is ethically questionable, it is still more profitable than processing it safely in the USA. Creative Recycling Systems is hoping that the US government will soon create laws deterring people from sending e-waste overseas.
(Adapted from “Reading explorer 4” by Paul MacIntyre and Nancy Hubley )
Question 35: Which best serves as the title for the passage?
Question 41: Which of the following statements is TRUE, according to the passage?
Question 42: Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
Question 43: Peter moved abroad for a fresh start. He regrets it now.
Question 44: Smartphones are becoming reasonably priced. New applications make them more appealing.
Question 45: It was wrong of you to criticise your son in front of his friends.
Question 46: My father likes reading newspapers more than watching TV.
Question 47: “How long have you lived here, Lucy?” asked Jack.
Question 48: At the beginning of the ceremony, there was a respectable one-minute silence in remembrance of the victims of the earthquake.
Question 49: My mother gets up usually early to prepare breakfast for the whole family.
Question 50: The money raised in the appeal will use to help those in need in remote areas.